Computers are one of the most important tools in life today. Computers for work, communication, data storage. Do you know supercomputers?
In today’s modern life, computers are one of the important operational tools, playing an essential role in serving all activities. The current technological world has given birth to many advanced products for people, from smartphones, tablets, laptops… But those products are personal, the world needs more powerful machines for the macroscopic problems that need to be solved. Supercomputers are the main causes that can solve these urgent problems. The following is a list of supercomputers in the world.
Translated into Vietnamese means “Galaxy 1”, Tianhe-1A is one of the few petascale-type supercomputers currently operating in the world. Accordingly, Tianhe-1A is capable of running at a speed of 2.6 petaflops (2.6 billion calculations per second). This supercomputer operates on an Linux-based operating system and it takes advantage of the combined power of Intel Xeon CPU and Nvidia GPU throughout 183.368 processor cores. The Tianhe-1A supercomputer is currently located at the National Supercomputing Center in Tianjin, China, which is responsible for processing calculations for oil and gas exploration and space industry design.
SuperMUC is the name of the latest supercomputer of Leibniz Supercomputing Center, Germany. SuperMUC is currently based on IBM iDataPlex server system with 300TB of RAM and InfiniBand hyperlink technology to ensure 147,456 processor cores can operate consistently and reach 2.9 petaflops. It is known that to ensure minimal operating costs, the engineers here have used a special cooling method for SuperMUC. Specifically, they reduced the supercomputer’s heat by directly using water at a temperature of about 40 degrees Celsius.
Vulcan (United States)
Housed at the Lawrence Livermore National Research Laboratory, California, Vulcan was created to serve the activities of government, national industries and university research. Vulcan possesses the power of 393. 216 cores and processors with a speed of 4.3 petaflops. This supercomputer was developed based on IBM Blue Gene/Q technology, it consists of 24 shelves and 24 576 separate computer points.
As the next generation of Jugene supercomputer, Juqueen was developed based on Blue Gene/Q technology with a speed of 5 petaflops. Juqueen has the main task of performing complex calculations in the fields of neuroscience, biology algorithms, energy, climate research and quantum physics. With 458.752 processor cores and power consumption of 2.301 kilowatts, Juqueen is the world’s most energy efficient supercomputer system.
Stampede (United States)
Operated by the University of Texas’ Advanced Computing Center, Stampede leverages the power of Xeon processors and InfiniBand multi-link technology with an estimated speed of about 5.2 petaflops. Since its inception, this supercomputer has successfully performed about 450,000 complex calculations on issues such as seismic maps, ice modeling to study climate change and improve quality pictures of tumors in the brain…
Mira (United States)
Also known as “IBM Mira”, Mira is a petascale supercomputer developed on Blue Gene/Q technology. It has 787.432 times the speed of 8.6 petaflops. Mira was born to serve research in the fields of materials science, seismology, climate and chemistry. This supercomputer is the answer of the US before the introduction of Chinese computer Tianhe-1A with the development cost estimated at about 180 million USD.
K Computer (Japan)
K Computer is a supercomputer from the land of the rising sun, it operates based on a memory distribution system consisting of more than 80,000 separate computers, the speed reaches 10.8 petaflops, 705.024 Sparc cores and Tofu six-way interconnection technology. K Computer primarily serves for calculating energy, sustainability, health care, climate change, and space research challenges…
Supercomputers or supercomputers are High Performance Computers (HPCs) – high-performance computers, with superior computing power, far beyond what you might think. They “plow” hard at the universities, laboratories and other large, important institutions around the world.
Supercomputers play an important role in the field of computational science, and are used for a variety of complex computational tasks in many fields, including quantum mechanics, weather forecasting, and research climate studies, petroleum exploration, molecular modeling (calculating structures and properties of chemical compounds, biological macromolecules, polymers, crystals), and physical simulations (such as simulating the early moments of the universe, aerodynamics of aircraft, spacecraft, the explosion of nuclear weapons, nuclear fusion). These are the top 7 supercomputers I want to send to you!