Android operating system was born 11 years ago. Currently, it has become the most popular mobile operating system in the world, beating out many competitors such as Symbian, BlackBerry, Palm OS, webOS and Windows Phone. Android can be confusing for a lot of people because there are so many versions and a lot of them still running today and always running the latest version can be a big challenge. Typically, major Android versions are released once a year (though not always) with security updates between releases.
Birth of Android
In October 2003, before the term “smartphone” was adopted by most of the public and a few years before Apple announced the first iPhone and iOS operating system, the Android Inc company was founded in Palo Alto, California. The four founders are Rich Miner, Nick Sears, Chris White and Andy Rubin. At the time of inception, Mr. Rubin said that Android Inc would develop “a mobile device that is smarter in terms of the owner’s location and preferences”.
According to PC World, Rubin later revealed in a 2013 speech in Tokyo that the Android operating system was launched to improve the operating system of digital cameras. Obviously, the team at Android didn’t think at first about creating an operating system that could serve as the core of a complete mobile computing system.
As Rubin said in 2013, “The same platform, the same operating system we built for cameras, it became Android for mobile phones.” In 2005, the next big chapter in Android’s history was made when Google acquired the original company. Andy Rubin and other founders continue to develop the operating system under their new owners. This decision was made to use Linux as the foundation for the Android operating system, and it also means that Android will be made available to third-party mobile phone manufacturers free of charge. The Android operating system was officially launched in 2007 with the announcement of the Open Handset Alliance. The first Android phone went on sale in 2008.
History of Android operating systems
What makes Android’s feat is that Android’s open source, coupled with its numerous non-constraints, have allowed mobile developers and programmers to tune and distribute Android freely. In addition, Android also has a large community of programmers specializing in writing applications to expand the functionality of the device.
So far, Google sells 200,000 Android devices per day, and its Play Store exceeds 90,000 apps. Thanks to its open, easy-to-tweak element and rapid development, the operating system has grown in popularity, resulting in even though it was designed to run on phones and tablets, Android is now out on smart TVs, game consoles and some other electronic devices.
Android started with the first beta in November 2007 and the first commercial version Android 1.0 was released in September 2008. As of April 2009, the Android version has been developed, named after candy and release themes in alphabetical order Cupcake (cupcake), Donut (donut), Eclair (eclair), Froyo (cold yogurt), Gingerbread (gingerbread), Honeycomb (honey ), Ice Cream Sandwich (ice cream sandwich), Jelly Bean (marshmallow), Kitkat (Kitkat), Lollipop (lollipop). Then comes Android version 6.0 – 6.0.1 Marshmallow, Android version 7.0 – 7.1.2, Nougat and Android version 8.0 – 8.1 Oreo.
The era of Android officially begins on October 22, 2008, when the T-Mobile G1 phone goes on sale in the US. At the beginning, many basic features were lacking, such as the virtual keyboard, multi-touch and in-app purchases yet to appear. However, some features and interfaces that are unique to the operating system have originated from the G1 and have become indispensable elements on Android later.
Notification bar: Right from the earliest days of Android, this notification bar has marked an important step that no operating system before, bringing all the information messages, voice messages or missed calls with just a swipe down. Apple has also learned this feature and introduced it to its iOS operating system three years after the release of iOS. This notification bar is still used by Android and has improved a lot compared to the first version.
Home screen and widgets: Another difference between Android compared to other operating systems is its main screen. In addition to changing the wallpaper, Android also allows users to customize their home screen with many widgets attached, such as clock, calendar, music player, app icons out or even and can intervene further to change this entire Home Screen look.
Tightly syncing and integrating with Gmail: By the time G1 phones were released, Gmail was already supporting POP and IMAP protocols for integration with mobile email clients. However, at that time, there weren’t any products that could fully support these preeminent Gmail features. It was not until Android 1.0 that this problem was fixed and G1 was the phone that gave the best Gmail experience on the market at the time.